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What Really is Vertigo? Vertigo is the feeling of a spinning world, rotation, or rocking even when one’s perfectly still. People with these dizzy bouts might feel like they are spinning or the environment around them is spinning. What causes vertigo? Vertigo is usually brought about by an inner ear problem. Here are some common vertigo triggers:
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BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, occurs when canaliths (tiny calcium particles) build up in the inner ear canals. The inner ear transmits signals about head and body motions relative to gravity to the brain. This helps maintain your balance.
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BPPV may occur for no apparent reason and can be age-related. Vestibular neuritis/labyrinthitis This inner ear problem often results from a viral infection. The infection causes inner ear inflammation around essential nerves that aid body balance. Meniere’s disease This inner ear condition is thought to result from a build up of fluid as well as changes in pressure in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss. Vertigo is less often associated with neck or head injury, brain conditions like tumor or stroke, migraine headaches, and certain medications that result in ear damage. Symptoms of vertigo Vertigo can be considered a single symptom, instead of a medical problem with signs and symptoms. People who have vertigo typically feel as if they’re unbalanced, pulled to a specific direction, spinning, tilting, and swaying. Other symptoms may accompany vertigo, including feeling nauseated, vomiting, sweating, headache, abnormal/jerking eye movements (nystagmus), tinnitus or hearing loss. Symptoms may come and disappear and may last a few hours or a few minutes. Treatment options for vertigo The cause of vertigo is what determines the treatment option. Vertigo disappears without treatment in many cases. So, what may be the reason? This is due to the fact that partly to inner ear changes at least, the brain may adapt, relying on other means to balance. Some people may require treatment, which can include: Vestibular rehabilitation This is a form of physical therapy that’s designed to help make the vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system is responsible for transmitting signals to your brain regarding head and body motions relative to gravity. Medicine Sometimes medication can be given to ease symptoms like motion sickness or nausea related to vertigo. For vertigo that’s caused by inflammation or infection, steroids or antibiotics can minimize swelling and treat infection. For those with Meniere’s disease, they may be prescribed water pills or diuretics to relieve the pressure resulting from fluid buildup. Operation Surgery may be required for vertigo in a few instances. If something serious like a neck or brain injury, or tumor is behind the vertigo problem, treating these conditions can help alleviate the condition.